توسل در نگاه اشرف علی تهانوی و خلیل احمد سهارنپوری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار فلسفه و کلام اسلامی دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان

2 کارشناس ارشد فلسفه و کلام اسلامی دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان

چکیده

توسل یعنی انسان باواسطه قرار دادن اموری به خدا نزدیک‌تر شود. بسیاری از مسلمانان از جواز توسل به انبیاء و اولیاء الهی چه در زمان حیات و چه بعد از حیاتشان و بسیاری از وجوه توسل دفاع کرده‌اند ازجمله این افراد می‌توان به دو تن از علمای بزرگ دیوبندیه یعنی خلیل احمد سهارنپوری و اشرف علی تهانوی اشاره کرد. ضرورت پرداختن به این موضوع آن است که سبب کسب آگاهی از نظرات این دو تن از علمای دیوبندیه می‌شود که آن‌ها توسل را شرک نمی‌دانند، در این مقاله که به روش توصیفی، تحلیلی و با ابزار کتابخانه ای نگاشته شده، ابتدا به بررسی معانی مختلف این واژه ازنظر لغت پژوهان پرداخته و سپس به طرح دیدگاه های گوناگون مبادرت ورزیده و نگاه دو شخصیت مذکور را  در خصوص توسل توصیف و تحلیل خواهیم کرد. نتیجۀ بحث نشان می دهد که آن‌ها نه‌تنها توسل را شرک نمی‌دانند بلکه معتقد به جواز توسل به قرآن، اسماء الهی، پیامبر و صالحین، استغاثه از شخص پیامبر چه در زمان حیات و چه بعد ازحیاتشان، زیارت قبور انبیاء و اولیاء، تبرک، شفاعت، تکریم قبور و... می‌باشند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Recourse to the look Ashraf Ali Tahanavi and Khalil Ahmd saharnpoory

نویسندگان [English]

  • aliakbar Nasiri 1
  • fatemeh dehani 2
1 Assistant Professor of Philosophy and Theology of Islam University of Sistan and Baluchestan
2 Master of Philosophy and Theology of the University of Sistan and Baluchestan
چکیده [English]

 
Extensive Abstract :
 
1-      Introduction
Recourse means the person is closer to God by placing things in God. Many Muslims have defended the permission to appeal to prophets and divine parents both during their lifetime and after their lives and many aspects of resorting to it
The necessity and purpose of addressing this research is to familiarize oneself with the thoughts of some Dewandiyah scholars on resorting to the fact that they are endowed with a permit of resorting to them. Contrary to general theory, which indicates the lack of permission of the Imams to resort to Tawassul  Of course, some of the scholars of Ahlstān Tavassl may consider some of the affairs, but amongst each group of extremist individuals there is no mention of the many people who have been rude to everyone.
Now, we have a question about the Deo Bandia scholars, who do the Doomsday scholars think about the prophets, the parents, and the righteous? What is Ashraf Ali Tahaniwi and Khalil Ahmad Saharupouri as two Devoondieh scholars in relation to resort?
2-      Research methodology
The method of research is descriptive-analytical and content analysis, which is done with a library tool. The statistical scope of this research includes two of the Deobandiya sciences, namely Khalil Ahmad Saharupouri and Ashraf Ali Tahanvi. Content analysis is a method by which our message is systematically and accurately used to deduce scientific knowledge and allow researchers to achieve the same results from research.
 
3-      Discussion
The Deobendya is a stream that aims to liberate India from British colonialism and save Muslims and revive Islamic doctrines, representing a kind of verbal and philosophical thinking within the framework of Hanafi jurisprudence and the Word of Matrahdi. The clergymen of Deobendya do not think about resorting to the prophets and the parents, who have accepted some of them, some have been rejected, but some of them have allowed resorting to it. Here, we will comment on the views of two of them: Sheikh Khalil Ahmad Saharupouri and Ashrafi Tahani. These two individuals have accepted the principle of resorting and many of their forms and forms, such as resorting to the Prophet and the righteous, pleading from the person of the Prophet both during and after his life, the pilgrimage of the graves of the prophets and parents, the consecration, intercession and reverence of the graves.
Some examples of Shrek in Deobendya include:
First: the belief in the present and the observance of the mitt: that is, a person believes that divine parents can be present at any place in the universe, and regard each place and the meaning of the martyr, present, and meaningful meanings; and these two attributes are characteristic traits God is, and attributing them to non-God is Shirk and disbelief. (Heidari Nasab, 79: 1393) Second: Belief in the non-Allah's knowledge of the non-Allah (as) is considered to be polytheistic, because the use of the word of the unseen is considered by God and it is not permissible to use it for non-God. (Same, 84: 1393-85)
 
-4Conclusion
In the end, we conclude that all the clergymen of Deobendya do not think about the use of prophets, parents, and righteous people, and in this regard they are divided into two categories, the vital one and the first one, and the first category is called "dead and alive", and the second group is called "dead" and Rejecting some of its kind and believing it to be true. One of the examples of Shirk is the following: the believer of the present and the body of the Mith, the belief in the unseen and not the occasional news for non-Allah, the request of a non-Allah who is in the domain of divine power, along with the belief in power Independent for that non-... Most of them have accepted their appeal and various aspects, including Khalil Ahmad Sahar-Panouri and Ashraf Ali Tahani, who believes in resorting to the Prophet and the righteous, pleading from the Prophet's life both during and after his life, the pilgrimage of the graves Prophets and parents, blessings, intercession, reverence for the graves and ...
 
 
Title of Article
 
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کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Recourse
  • Deobandyah
  • Khalil Ahmad Saharanpoory
  • Ashraf Ali Thahanavy