عنوان مقاله [English]
The land of India that is 6000 years old is filled with numerous myths, the analysis of each will open windows of consciousness towards the human mind. The art and civilization of this land, like other nations, should be reviewed within its myths and gods. Dravidians, the ancestors of the inhabitants of this territory, were nature-worshippers who created the brilliant civilization of the IndusValley. Their beliefs became the distinctive origin of the gods and the next faiths of India. The next period in the history of India is the attack of the Aryan warriors whose entry caused a new phase called the Vedic Era.
In the Indian mythological culture there are many gods that are of multiplied organs: multi heads, multi eyes, multi arms, multi trunks, and so on. Each organ is the symbol of a certain concept. For example, the three-headed god demonstrates three aspects of his power. The heads are the centers of thinking and the force of ruling; multiplicity of eyes shows separation from mistake and a better encirclement of the world, and the multiplicity of the ears represents better understanding of the divine speech. The one thousand-eyed Varuna, the one thousand-eared Mitra, the three-faced Agni, the three-eyed Shiva are among the gods of multiplied organs that bear the concept of exta-ordinariness and the divine power.