مطالعه ی تطبیقی جوامع شهر نشین جنوب شرق ایران و دره هند (در عصر مفرغ)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار گروه باستان شناسی دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان

چکیده

پیشینه ی ارتباطی دره هند با جنوب شرق ایران به هزاره ی سوم ق.م بر می گردد. هر چند این ارتباط ممکن است در ادوار قبلی نیز بوده باشد اما هزاره ی سوم ق.م اوج این ارتباطات می باشد. این دوره که از طرفی به دوره مفرغ شهرت دارد، دوره ظهور جوامع شهرنشین نیز هست. محوطه های روستایی با افزایش جمعیت بزرگتر می شوند و با افزایش جمعیت، نیاز جوامع به منابع غذایی نیز افزایش می یابد. در این اثناء مناطقی که دارای شرایط آب و هوایی بهتری بودند، بعنوان قطب های کشاورزی عمل می کردند. در مقابل مناطقی نیز وجود داشتند که به دلیل شرایط مناسب معادن خصوصا سنگهای نیمه قیمتی حائز اهمیت بودند. در این دوره که جوامع گسترش پیدا نمودند، نیاز جوامع به کالاهای لوکس نیز افزایش یافت و ایجاد ارتباط بین این مناطق برخی دیگر از محوطه ها را مطرح کرد. با یک نگاه کلی متوجه می شویم که با یک سیستم بزرگ مواجه هستیم که منافع زیر سیستم های آن به هم گره خورده است.
هدف مقاله حاضر این است تا ضمن معرفی بخشی از این سیستم عظیم در هزاره ی سوم ق.م به چگونگی ارتباط محوطه های جنوب شرق ایران و دره هند بپردازد. زیر   سیستم هایی که چنان بهم گره خورده بودند که با کوچکترین مشکلی در بخشی از این سیستم ممکن بود کل سیستم دچار مخاطره گردد. همین امر یعنی ارتباط محوطه های فوق از مهمترین ضروریات این تحقیق است تا از طریق آن بتوان به درک مناسبتری از تمدنهای فوق رسید. در این مقاله سعی شده است تا با بهره گیری از مطالعات کتابخانه ای و میدانی به هدف فوق دست یابیم.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparative Study on Citizenship in South East of Iran and India Valley (in Admiralty (Bell, Gun) Metal Age)

نویسنده [English]

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چکیده [English]

Communicating background ofIndiaValleyor South east ofIrangoes back to 3rd millennium B.C. It is possible that this kind of communication had also been existed in previous periods, but 3rd millennium B.C. was the pick of the communication. This period sometime known as Gun-metal (admiralty metal) age, is also the period of the citizenship appearance. Rural areas became bigger with population growth and the need for food grew, too. During this period the regions with suitable climate became the agricultural areas while there where places, because of having mines especially semi-precious stones, became significant. When the areas developed, their needs for fine and luxury materials increased causing to have a relationship with some of the other parts. In a general glance, we notice that we are faced with a big system in which its sub-systems have tangled with each other.
  The aim of the essay in hand is, while introducing this great system in the 3rd millennium B.C., studying the way of relationships between the South eastern areas ofIranandIndiaValley. Studying the sub-systems tangling with each other so closely that if there was a small problem with one of them the whole system might face with dangers. Relationship of mentioned areas is one of the essential points to be studied in this research so that we can get a better understanding from the mentioned civilizations.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • 3rd Millennium B.C
  • Admiralty (Bell
  • Gun) Metal Age
  • Citizenship
  • India Valley
  • South east of Iran
 

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