عنوان مقاله [English]
The sacrifice is a ritual sacrifice and one of the forms of worship that have deviated from their fundamental purposes at times until individuals have sacrificed themselves. The three civilizations of India, Iran, and Mesopotamia have long had many cultural ties and have been influenced by each other; one of these is human sacrifice. This paper tries to study the human sacrifice in these three cultures in a descriptive-analytical way and according to the theories of the ritual of sacrifice. The findings show that human sacrifice was often performed in special religious ceremonies and on sensitive occasions in order to reproduce nature and restore it. In Mesopotamia and India, human sacrifice was more common. In Iran, this type of sacrifice has not been as common as in other cultures, and if, according to Herodotus, an example of this ritual has been reported, and given that other historians provide other evidence. They have not done so; it does not have much validity, and if it does, it may be related to the life of the Aryan people and the pre-Christian traditions; it should be said that the teachings of Zoroaster and his opposition to the sacrifice were effective in this regard.