عنوان مقاله [English]
Iran and Iranians have been in contact with the inhabitants of Indian subcontinent since old ages. On one hand, this is originated from economic necessity and needs and on the other hand from the cultural and historical common points the two nations share. Many people from the subcontinent had migrated to Iran and had taken permanent residence. The relationships of the subcontinent with Iran and Mesopotamia had a significant importance due to the peninsula’s blockade of geographical boundaries and its impassability in the North and the North-west. Since ground roads were less secure bandits caused several disturbances and the fleet on the other hand could handle more goods and passengers and the security of the roads was better provided, the traffic of the subcontinent’s residents to the seaports and coasts of Persian Gulf was very important. Commercial centers of Persian Gulf, its islands and coasts in trading with western coasts of India, significance and necessity of these relationships and their sociocultural consequences are observed using an analytic-descriptive method
The observation’s result indicates that with the long history of these relations, Islam got new dimensions and Muslim merchants and businessmen began to have intellectual and cultural trades along with economic trades and became one of the most important factors in spreading and expanding Islamic-Iranian culture and civilization in Indian subcontinent and even in the South-eastern Asia.