عنوان مقاله [English]
Dr. Hassan al-Din Ahmad, the famous author and Qur'an scholar of the Indian subcontinent, completed his doctorate at the National Islamic University of Delhi, and he was once the Minister of the Endowment of India. He wrote his Qur'anic thoughts in two Urdu and English languages that the most recent and important views of the researcher are reflected in the book entitled:"A New Approach to the Study of the Quran". This book contains new ideas and methods about the Qur'an, which have not yet been translated into Persian and have been criticized for literary and linguistic perspectives. So the consideration and evaluation of this contemporary scholar views is important. The mentioned book was written in 1997 it was decorated with a new edition by the world's best books publication in Delhi in 2004 and 2008. The book "A New Approach to the Study of the Qur'an" contains a brief introduction and five chapters.
Chapter 1: “the Quran technique includes: repetition, Qur'an and poetry, weight and rhymes, etc. Chapter 2: "The rhetoric Science in the Qur'an" that discusses analogy, allegory, metaphor, "symbol" and ... Chapter 3: "Quranic terms", about the end terminology, Allah, Faith, and so on. The fourth chapter of Quranic interpretation explains some of the Quranic concepts. Chapter 5: investigates Verses, words and beautiful names in three parts, 32 beautiful verses, 41 words and 12 names. Referring to the importance of thinking and reasoning in the Holy Quran, Hassan al-Din Ahmed emphasized the correctness and thinking and reasoning of the Holy Qur'an and considered his book a response to this direction of the Quran.
2. Descriptive research method
The current study was done by descriptive-analytical method. The basic, methodological and final damage of Hasan al-Din Ahmed view are depicted after translating his view from the main source and expressing his vision about the symbol.
Hassan al-Din Ahmad tries to briefly summarize the "symbol" in the above-mentioned book. His expression has good points, but with shortcomings and defects.
The most important mistakes in his view can be considered as a method, basis, conceptual, and case-based. The method and manner in which Hassan al-Din Ahmed expressed in the discussion of the symbol can be considered in several ways. Using non-original sources, the failure to refer the Muslim commentators, the inappropriate influence of Orientalists and the confusion between the use of symbol and symbolism language, are considered among the most harmful method drawbacks of Hasan al-Din's perspective on the symbol.
Basically, this perspective faces challenges, the most important of which are the issues ahead. A: failure to observance linguistic rules, so that the mere use of a great deal cannot be regarded as a symbolic reason. B: Lesser precision in the transcendental truths in the words of Quranic Hasan al-Din Ahmad has not paid much attention to the fact that the Holy Qur'an was revealed from our horizon and so has addressed to supernatural issues. C: Ignoring the external implications of words and contention of surfaces, D: involvement in the interpretation with view is also among these damages.
Conceptually, although it is brief and useful, but there are some drawbacks. The ambiguity of defining the symbol, codifying it, reducing the role of tradition, and the desire for extreme Quranicism, are some of these drawbacks. In addition, when he defined symbol, considered it in the context of meaningful text, but did not actually adhere to it.
The main challenge of Hassan al-Din Ahmad is in the case argument. The cases that Hasan al-Din has brought to bear as evidence for his purpose are flair and controversial. The author, unlike the standard word and commentary on the specific intention of the words, has deprived of surface meaning and has not provided a license or counterpart for symbolism and passing of appearance. The behavior that is contrary to the rational way and in fact is deconstruction in the linguistic tradition. For example, the word "morning" is considered as a symbol of punishment, when firstly: it can be absolute and secondly accompany with words such as torment, punishment, Seyhe (heavenly voice) etc., to provide the space necessary to transfer the reader's mind to punishment.
The symbol is one of the most influential and fascinating ways by which human beings display their imagination in an overwhelmingly controversial way. Hassan al-Din Ahmad also states the symbol discussion based on the scope of the book and briefly, that while it is beneficial in many areas, can be judged and evaluated from different respects. Utilizing non-original sources, failure to refer to commentators, the influence of Orientalists, and ... are the drawbacks of this effect in method dimension. On the other hand, the contradiction between the basis and the act in explaining the symbol on the basis of the text, the suppression of the role of tradition and the involvement in the Quranism, the uncertain interpretation and involvement in the interpretation with view, the failure to observe the linguistic rules, ... are the basic shortcomings of the thought of Hasan al-Din. One of his most important challenges is the examples that he has presented as evidence of his purpose. The word "morning" is considered as a symbol of punishment, when firstly: it be absolute and secondly accompany with words such as torment, punishment, Seyhe (heavenly voice) etc., to provide the space necessary to transfer the reader's mind to punishment.
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